Mewar Udaipur Attraction
 
 
   Rajasthani Folk Dances
   
       
 
   Rajasthani Folk Dances
   
 

This is one of the many dance-forms of the Bhill tribals. Performed during Holi festival, this is among a few performances where both men and women dance together.



Rajasthani Folk Dances Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
       
 
   Gair:
   
       
 
Another Holi dance but performed only by men. This becomes Dandia Gair in Jodhpur and Geendad in Shekhawati.
Gair Dances Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
       
 
   Agni Nritya (Fire   Dance):
   
       
 
Now performed by just a few bhopas in Bikaner district, this ritual is associated with members, of the jasnath sect from the Sidh caste. The ritual fire dance is enacted during the jasnath fairs or on special demand to cast away negative energy from someone's house. Dressed in white clothes and saffron colored turbans, the ritual starts with slow chanting by the priests to the rhythmic beat of the nagara : (large sigle-sided drum) and striking of manjiras Wnhile this is going on a pyre of wood is constructed and lit. As the wood burns to embers, the tempo of chanting land drumming is increased to produce a state of religious fervor. Once the wood is reduced to glowing red embers, the priests form a line and start to dance across the burning coals. Treating the embers as blessed gifts (prasaad) from their God, some hold embers in the mouth and offer them to the spectators.
Agni Nritya Fire Dance Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
       
 
   Garasiya Dance:
   
       
 
From the extreme south of Rajasthan, and known for one of the most colorful visually thrilling dances forms of the region, the Garasiya's are the tribal community spread across some twenty four villages near Abu Road. The distinctive dance is performed after Holi in celebration of their folk Kul Devi. Without vocal accompaniment, it has strong rhythm, and is danced by both men and women dressed in traditional ornaments, clothes and masks.
Garasiya Dance Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
       
 
   Ghoomar:
   
       
 
Ghoomar has become known as the single most representative dance of Rajasthan. The embodiment of the grace, elegance and beauty associated with the women of this region, the dancers move, spin and sway a single, circular file in time to an eight-beat keharwa, accompanied by a song. Spinning alternately in clockwise and anticlockwise direction, the momenta increases as the dance develops and often culminates in the dancers separating from the circle into pairs, taking each others hands and spinning as fast as they can in the way children enjoy. Eleven variations of Ghoomar have been documented in the past. Ghoomar as seen today is mostly a sophisticated form evolved for and by the women of the "Rajwaaras" or erstwhile seats of feudal power and now danced at weddings by middle and upper class women.
Ghoomar Dance Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
       
 
   Chakri :
   
       
 
The word "Chakri" is derived from 'chakkar'-rotation in Hindi-is actually the Raai dance of the Beriyas of Madhya Pradesh, also performed in the adjoining areas of Chhipa Barod etc. Of district Baran, Rajasthan, by their kin, the Kanjras. The dance involves much vigorous but elementary movement and intermittent singing supported by robust rhythmic accompaniment on the Dholak by a male performer.
Chakri Dance Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
       
 
   Chang Dhamal:
   
       
 
Danced by men only, the group forms a single circular file, each man carrying a Dhap or chang (a single-sided large tambourine - like drum), excepting those who dress in female attire, and one who plays the flute. The dancers sing and rhythmically crouch, Walk and strike various poses with their instrument. The singing stops for a while, the flute player plays his instrument, and the Chang provide rhythm. Then the round of singing and movement is resumed.
Chang Dhamal Dance Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
       
 
   Kathputli:
   
       
 
Puppet plays based on popular legends are performed by skilled puppeteers. Displaying his skills in making the puppets' act and dance, the puppeteer is accompanied by a woman, usually his wife, who plays the dholak, or drum and sings the balled.
Kathputli Dance Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
       
       
       
 
   Tribes of Rajasthan - Garasia
   
       
 

The Garasia constitute the third largest tribal group of Rajasthan inhabiting in Abu Road tehsil of Sirohi, Kotra, Gogunda and Kherwara tehsils of Udaipur and Ball and Desuri tehsils of Pali districts. The Population as per 1991 census is 148197 in Rajasthan.

The etymological origin of Garasia is believed to be from the Sanskrit word gras, i.e. substance. According to oral history the Chauhan Rajputs of Jalore when defeated at the hands of Alla-ud-Din Khilji (1368 AD) fled to the Bhil infested hilly terrain. They overpowered the local Bhils and to pacify them also parted with some subsistence in their favour. These Bhil-gras holders came to be known as Garasia and formed an endogamous community. It is also suggested that they are descendent of a Bhil girl and Rajput prince. Their origin is in Abu in Sirohi district. Their bardic account and folk songs link them with medieval Rajput history.

The Garasia language is an admixture of Man/van, Bhili and Gujrati. Their dialect is known as Nyar-Ki-Boli or Nyar dialect.

The Garasia are divided into three endogamous territorial divisions, viz moti niyat, nanki niyat and nichli niyat. They are further sub-divided into as many as twenty eight exogamous, totemic clans or ataks such as Parmar, Solanki, Raidara, Mali etc. Phalia or hamlet is generally inhabited by members of common lineage.

The Garasia call their habitat as patta, Which is generally found in a hilly region (Bhakar). The smallest unit of village is called as phatia or hamlet.

The traditional male apparel is safa or potiyu i.e. turban, the colour of which depends oh age, red for young and white for aged, white kurta, angarkhi and dhoti. Traditional women attire is very colourful and is comprised of gherdar ghagra, jhulki and odni. Both the sexes are fond of using silver ornaments. Tattooing is very popular among women.

The Garasia society is patrilocal, patrilineal, kin based and segmented. They mostly live in nuclear family. Mates are acquired in their society through marriage by negotiation (morbandhiya), exchange (ata-sata), intrusion (melbo), service (seva-vivah) and elopement (nahota). Widow and divorcee women can remarry by n a t r a . Monogamy is preferred but polygamy is not abandoned in case of no issues. Both adult and child marriages are prevalent in their society.
The Garasia observe birth pollution for seven days. They cremate their dead. Rituals of marriage and death are most of like caste Hindus. The Garasia profess Hinduism. They worship Dharamraj, Thakurji, Hawlo, Ganeshji, Kalaji-Goraji, Chamunda, Abu, Sitla and Amba Mate. Bhakar bavasi is very powerful deity and hence very much dreaded. Bhopa is the traditional priest-cum - medicine - man. Devra and Matadham are the sacred centres of the village. They observe festivals like Akha Teej, Holi, Diwali, Navratri, Rakshabandhan, Dussehra etc.

Siyawa-Ka-Gormela held during Baisakhi Krishna Panchami in Siyawa village of Abu Road tehsil is the main fair of the Garasia. In this fair young boys and girls select their life partner and elope with marital intention. Decision taken in the fair is mandatory for all the community members. The Garasia have a rich tradition of folk tales and folk songs. In fairs and festivals both sexes dance and sing accompanying musical instruments like dhol, harnai, ghoriya, kundi etc. Their important folk dances are valar, mandal, ghumer, rayan etc.
The Garasia are non-vegetarian. Their staple food is maize, jowar, rice and wheat. Rab or rabdns the most popular food. Churma, lapsi, malpua etc. are ceremonial food. Drinking of liquor is linked with their tradition. They normally brew liquor for consumption on community occasions like marriages and festivals.
Pate/ is the headman of a village (patta) and the post is hereditary. The traditional panch or panchayat settle local disputes, negotiate bride price etc. Thus play a key role in society.
The Garasia are settled agriculturists and also collect minor forest produce, animal husbandry, wage making are also prevalent. Halmo and helaru are traditional systems of co-operative and economic activity, prevalent in the society.
In compliance of Fifth Schedule of the constitution of India, the government of Rajasthan has undertaken several legislative measures relating to Agrarian reforms, relief indebtedness abolition of bonded labour etc. and under the Scattered Tribal Population schemes both individual and community beneficiary schemes have been formulated to ameliorate.their condition.

Tri Tribes of Rajasthan - Garasia Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
Tri Tribes of Rajasthan - Garasia Mewar Travel Tourism Information Rajasthan Udaipur India
 
 
       
       
       
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